Are Depression & Dysthymia both the same?

Are Dysthymia & Depression both same?

Depression is common during adolescence and it may look different in teens than adults. Teens often seem more irritable than sad when they’re depressed.

But, not all depression is created equal. The word depression is used to describe a variety of conditions. There are four main types of depression that commonly affect teenagers. Recognizing the signs and symptoms can be key to getting a teen treatment. And early intervention can often be key to successful treatment. 

Major life events, such as bereavement or the loss of a job, can lead to Trusted Source depression. However, doctors only consider feelings of grief to be part of depression if they persist.

Depression is an ongoing problem, not a passing one. It consists of episodes during which the symptoms last for at least 2 weeks. Depression can last for several weeks, months, or years.

Now lets discuss what is dysthymia & is it harmful as depression?

What is DYSTHYMIA:

The Greek word Dysthymia means “bad state of mind” or “ill humor.” As one of the two chief forms of clinical depression, it usually has fewer or less serious symptoms than major depression but lasts longer. The American Psychiatric Association defines Dysthymia as depressed mood most of the time for at least two years, along with at least two of the following symptoms: poor appetite or overeating; insomnia or excessive sleep; low energy or fatigue; low self-esteem; poor concentration or indecisiveness; and hopelessness.

Dysthymia and major depression naturally have many symptoms in common, including depressed mood, disturbed sleep, low energy, and poor concentration. There are also parallel symptoms: poor appetite, low self-esteem, and hopelessness in Dysthymia, corresponding to the more severe symptoms of weight change, excessive guilt.

Dysthymia is about as common as major depression. Given its chronic nature that makes it one of the disorders most often seen by psychotherapists. About 6% of the population of the United States has had an episode of Dysthymia at some time, 3% in the last year. As many as a third of patients in psychotherapy may be suffering from Dysthymia. Like major depression, it is more common in women than in men, but it tends to arise earlier in life. The American Psychiatric Association distinguishes between this early-onset form and a form that occurs later in life and often comes on less gradually.

Resource: Harvard Medical school

What causes DYSTHYMIA?

 The exact cause for DYSTHYMIA is not known, but experts point to several risk factors for developing depressive disorders

  • Family history of depressive disorder
  • Temperamental factors: negative affectivity
  • Environmental stressors such as:
    • death of a parent, relative, or friend
    • abuse or neglect
    • other mental health problems such as anxiety
    • divorce or illness in the family
    • dealing with a chronic medical illness
    • chronic social or academic difficulties

Who is affected by DYSTHYMIA?

Dysthymia is a condition that can affect anyone regardless of age, race, ethnic background, gender, or income level.

What are the symptoms of Dysthymia?

A child or adolescent with persistent depressive disorder will experience a depressed or irritable mood on most days for at least 1 year. In addition, the child will exhibit appetite changes, sleep disturbances, fatigue, low self-esteem, poor concentration, difficulty making decisions, or feelings of hopelessness.

What is the Treatment for Dysthymia?

Most people with Dysthymia are undertreated. They usually see only their family doctors, who often fail to diagnose the problem. They may only complain about physical symptoms, or fail to complain at all because the disorder has become so much a part of them that they believe that is simply how life is. In older people, Dysthymia may be disguised as dementia, apathy, or irritability.

A physician might ask an open question like, “How are things at home?” — follow with, “Have you been feeling down, depressed, or sad?” — then go on to ask whether the symptoms have affected a patient’s home life, work, or personal relations. There are also several brief screening questionnaires, including the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and the Patient Health Questionnaire. If the answers suggest Dysthymia, a standard clinical interview can be used to confirm the diagnosis.

Like major depression, Dysthymia is treated with psychotherapy and medications — usually the same medications and the same kinds of psychotherapy. The most common drug treatments are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors like fluoxetine (Prozac) and sertraline (Zoloft), or one of the dual action antidepressants such as venlafaxine (Effexor). Some patients may do better with a tricyclic antidepressant like imipramine (Tofranil).

Supportive therapy provides advice, reassurance, sympathy, and education about the disorder. Cognitive therapy identifies and corrects thought patterns that promote self-defeating attitudes. Behavioral treatment improves social skills and teaches ways to manage stress and unlearn learned helplessness. Psychodynamic therapy helps patients resolve emotional conflicts, especially those derived from childhood experience. Interpersonal therapy helps patients cope with personal disputes, loss and separation, and transitions between social roles.

Drugs or psychotherapy?

A 2003 review of controlled research found that medication is slightly superior to psychotherapy in the treatment of dysthymia. But a statistical difference among a large number of patients in many different situations is not necessarily a guide for any individual case. Some patients — especially older people — will not or cannot take drugs, sometimes because of side effects or drug interactions. For many others, a combination of long-term psychotherapy and medication may be most effective. A solid relationship with a psychotherapist or other professional can be important in maintaining a willingness to continue medications.

Recovery from dysthymia often takes a long time, and the symptoms often return. One study found that 70% recovered in an average of about four years, and 50% had a recurrence. Another study found an average time to recurrence of nearly six years. After recovery, many patients find it helpful to continue doing whatever made them well — whether it was a drug or psychotherapy.

While the search continues for better drugs and better forms of psychotherapy, the problem remains that, despite much improvement, most people with dysthymia are not receiving even the imperfect available treatments. Even when they do see professionals, they may not fill their prescriptions or take their drugs consistently, and they may abandon psychotherapy too soon.

Globally dysthymia occurs in about 105 million people a year (1.5% of the population).It is 38% more common in women (1.8% of women) than in men (1.3% of men).

Author (Blogger) Conclusion: A Dysthymia patient can perform all the things normally i.e Can pass high school & college with goods marks or well performer at work place but as a human being it is utmost important to be happy. Happiness is basic need for every human being.If happiness is not there in life,we will never get peace & get satisfaction from life.So However is reading this post & can relate this post with themselves or others please share with them.

Will Happiness Ever Rule The World?

Will Happiness Ever Rule The World?

“If you’re happy and you know it, clap your hands.

Clap along, if you feeling like happiness is the truth.

When you worry your face will be a frown.

So that will bring everyone down, so don’t worry.

In every once’s life, we have some trouble.

But when you worry you make it double.

So don’t worry, be happy now”.

Do more that makes you happy, have good vibes only. Turn that frown upside down. The most important decision you could ever make is to be in a good mood. From pre-school to adulthood we taught a very clear lesson over & over again just be happy. Because when you are happy, life is good.May sound simple right!!! but maybe not.


Since 2013 sales of self-help books had been doubled in the world.According to WHO the rate of anxiety & depression around the world has increased over the past 2 decades to 18.4%. These numbers are higher for teens.

In social science, we taught about positive & negative emotions. In positive emotions like happiness. joy, laugh teaches us to embrace. Negative emotion like anger, sadness & fear teaches us to avoid.

Will Happiness Ever Rule The World?

In social science, we taught about positive & negative emotions. In positive emotions like happiness. joy, laugh teaches us to embrace. Negative emotion like anger, sadness & fear teaches us to avoid.

Let us think about the emotions as pleasant & unpleasant. As all emotions taught us something special. Even an especially unpleasant one offers us something important. The chance to investigate why we are feeling these emotions & the opportunity to process them.

Your Anger?

It’s telling you where you feel powerless.

Your Anxiety?

It’s telling you that something in your life is off-balance.

Your fear?

It’s telling you what you care about.

“Your feelings are not random.

They are messengers

Let them speak to you & tell you what you need”—Brianna Wiest.

How To Fully Live Your Life?

How to live life?

Life is hard sometimes & it’s painful sometimes & it’s scary & sad sometimes & is also overwhelmed & beautiful sometimes & filled with joy, love & happiness sometimes. Life is lived in the moment. But many times we forgot to pay attention to the journey, to all the moments which were better & worst both along the way. We need to embrace all of life the ups & downs, both the good & the worst. As life is not supposed to be good all the time…as it is life. we need to learn to celebrate all parts of life.

Happiness Is All About In Our Mind

Happiness is all about mind

We need to do two things: Stop outsourcing our happiness & outsourcing our unhappiness on the people & circumstances. we have to cultivate happiness from the inner self. Happiness & unhappiness is a state of mind & therefore we need to stop finding happiness & unhappiness outside. If our mind is unpeaceful & agitated even we are in good circumstances we find it impossible to be happy. It is not what is happening that is makes us happy & unhappy, it is how we responding to those things. It is the state of mind that determines our happiness & unhappiness. The gift of happiness truly lies within our hearts and minds.

 Life Is More Than Being Happy

Chasing happiness leads to unhappiness. Lack of having the meaning of life.

Is there life is more of being happy?

Many psychologists define happiness as a state of comfort & ease. There should be meaning in life. The study shows those who have meaning in life are more resonant & they do better at work & even do live longer. 

Let’s discuss the 10 daily habits that make you happy:

1)Gratefulness: If you wake up & just be grateful about something. you are automatically happy. If you start your day with gratefulness & hat positivity you are already forcing your brain to think of ways of happier.

 2)Optimism: optimism is having a positive view to see around.

3)Smile a lot: Do things that make you smile. Like watching our favorite comic show or visiting someone’s place. 

4)Have quality friends: If you can have good quality friends around you that give you positive vibes all time.

5)Weed out bad people: In everyone’s life, there are many bad peoples. So rather than think of them too much just weed out them. Probably around 80%-90% we meet will be low quality. These toxic people you need to get out of life. For some people, it is going to be hard to get out of this.

6)Take breaks frequently: According to the study, the person who takes a break every hour is happier & high productivity.

7)Set S.M.A.R.T Goals: We should set an achievable goal & when we reach them it will boost motivation. Setting a goal will motivate us but reaching a goal makes us happier.

8)Learn new even in an odd situation: When we are in an odd situation, we forced ourselves to learn something new. So whenever you are in an odd situation try to learn something new. It will make you happy.

9)Take care of ourselves: If you have gone on an airplane, in case of emergency they said put your mask first so you can help the people around you. This is important for self & personal development. The same, happy people take care of them first so that they can help others. As you cannot help other people if you are depressed or down.

10)Helping other people: when you start helping others it starts making you curious, it takes the focus off yourself & you are not worried about the internal cycle of what going in your mind the worrying stuff & you are more worried about helping. It makes you more productive & makes you a better person than other people.

Formula Of Happiness

Formula of Happiness

If I say the happiness formula is H=P+E+M, where p means pleasure, E means engagement, M means meaning in life or purpose in life.

we normally find pleasure in good food, clothes & places to visit. For the foodies’ food is heaven. what is a problem in pleasure-seeking is that pleasure stays for a limited time. when we eat good food the feeling is pleasure stays as long as we eat food.”If you single-mindedly chase pleasure very soon you will find nothing pleasing anymore”. This is the limitation of pleasure-seeking.

E= engagement, which means the things we actively involve. It might be our job, hobby, or anything else. The things in which we are engaged if we get the satisfaction that means we are happy. Satisfaction gives more happiness than pleasure. Satisfaction is more sustainable.

The difference between pleasure & engagement is like some is watching an international Football match vs someone who is playing a local football match. The person who is watching the match is doing passive consumption & the one who is actively involved in playing is active engagement. Fulfillment is greater in active engagement. Try to get fulfillment through work & the work can be anything.

M means meaning in life or purpose in life. Do anything meaningful. Many times it happens that when we do anything for others it will great from the inside. Swami Vivekananda says“unselfishness is more paying but it needs more maturity to understand that”. It’s very common & logical also many of us can think that if I do for myself it will be more beneficial than doing anything for others, so here need that maturity to understand that level. If we do anything for others inside from our heart we get inner peace which we generally searching investing time, money in ourselves. Generally, we all try to find happiness outside, actual peace is inside ourselves. AATMA(ourselves) is the source of the highest peace.

How To Make A Long Distance Relationship Work

Long-distance-relationship

Hey, Are you afraid of distance relationships? If yes, this post is definitely for you.Standing in the 21st century & having a distance relationship is quite common & one of the foremost difficult relationships and still one that everybody wants to experience is a long-distance relationship.

Now the world has become a global village. Many couples due to their studies, jobs, research-related work, transfer, or staying with their parent’s native land have to keep their relationship in a distance mode. There are many instances where a boy & a girl met for Studies, a job, internship, or other purposes & the relationship may start.

Many times we may intentionally or unintentionally fall into a distance relationship. It is an extended distance relationship that some people want once in a lifetime. Maintenance is tough to try and it’s a mainstream statement. Many people believe that distance relationships are never getting to work out. Even family may discourage it and friends may advise not to take it too seriously,  just in case your heartbroken.

Nobody says it’s getting to be easy —  the additional distance makes many things unachievable. Things could get complicated, and you’ll get sad and lonely sometimes. This is often the simplest thanks to realizing the importance of another person. It shows us the true value of one relationship and therefore the merits of the opposite. This is often a test for all those that are strong enough to handle it.

In a distance relationship, 6 months duration might be like 2 years of deep, focused, relationship work. So, here are a couple of tips and ways anyone can torch their long distance.

1.Couple Should Communicate Regularly In A Creative Way

Couple Should Communicate Regularly In A Creative Way

This is the foremost important part of the connection. Having the ability to inform another person how you felt throughout the day may sound a touch cliche, but it’s best for you. But yes, don’t force them to understand each and everything. Nobody wants to possess an unnecessary conversation like this. Communicating openly will help the couples to create a trust factor.A couple might send pictures, audio clips, short videos & this will keep a love & interest factor alive.

2.Couple Should Maintain Limited Communication

Couple Should Maintain Limited Communication

A couple should not be very sticky and over possessive. Don’t need to communicate 12 hours each day to stay the connection going. Many couples think that they have to catch up on the space by doing more, this is often not true. And it’s only make things worse. Soon you’d get uninterested in “loving.”Remember: Less is more. it’s not about spamming — you’re only getting to exhaust yourselves. It’s really about teasing at the proper moments and tugging at the proper spots. Couples should focus on the quality conversation.

3.Couple Should Be Clear About What They Expecting From A Distance Relationship

Couple Should Be Clear About What They Expecting From A Distance Relationship

A couple should be clear about what they expect from the distance relationship & for that set some ground rules which will keep both of them maintain healthiness in a distance relationship. Might be an example of what is their commitment level? What will be your relationship status for others? Is it monogamous? open? or in-between?.

4.Couple Should Keep A Sensual Touch In A Distance Relationship

Couple Should Keep A Sensual Touch In A Distance Relationship

Sensual connection is an important part of every relationship, so is distance. It is the thing that keeps both of them together & adds species & romanticism into the relationship. It is not biological but emotional as well. As it is quite impossible for distant relationships, there are few ways to keep the flames burning by ways of good communication, respect for boundaries & good imaginary power with some naughtiness. Many called it dirty talk.

5.Keep The Strong Belief Of Distance Relationship

Keep The Strong Belief Of Distance Relationship

We already know that a Distance relationship is not that easy & here mutual trust & proper communication are important factors. Many times situations will be there where the couple will not be able to match the times due to study, work Or family reasons. Without knowing when both can be together is the starting point of getting frustrated. But always remember that whenever a couple chooses to text messages & call each other that means that they are making a strong & beautiful decision of being together. Couples should embrace the challenges together

6.Settling A Timeline Of The Relationship

Settling A Timeline Of The Relationship

The basic question every couple has in mind is what is the future of the relationship? How long will we keep ourselves apart? The fact is no couple can be in a distant relation in the long run. At some time they have to settle down. For that, they need to have the same goal & determination. The couple has to make a time frame for the ultimate goal that is to settle down.

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7. Avoid Confrontation

Avoid Confrontation

In a distance relationship misunderstanding & confrontation is a common factor. This happens when couples spending some uncomfortable moments find that they are on the same emotional stage. Eventually when a person is not getting importance & priorities while in a distance relationship. As relationships grow, the couple begins to understand that they need certain responsibilities and duties toward their partner. If a couple is trying to find ways to strengthen their relationship & functioning hard to regain confidence. At that time fighting on all the mistakes of the past in your current fight is very immature.

8.Enjoy Moments With Your Family & Friends

Enjoy Moments With Your Family & Friends

In the distance, a relationship couple finds themselves lonely. From loneliness comes frustration & we spend hours neglecting family & friends. couples don’t have to have their world roaming around their partner. They are alone but not lonely. The feeling of loneliness kills from inside & destroys the inner self. So couples should spend their quality time doing whatever they like to do best i.e go to the gym, watch movies, read books, visit new places & many more

9.Doing Similar Kind Of Activities

Doing Similar Kind Of Activities

As distance relationship is all about distance & Couples are hardly doing things together with each other in a physical way. Many times it will happen that couples could not get a topic for their talk. The couple should share some books, movies, web series, or youtube videos so that they get a common topic for their talk.

10 Do Video Call Frequently

Do Video Call Frequently

A distance relationship can create a feeling of loneliness. So whenever it is possible for a video call, do it without thinking too much. As looking into each other’s eyes & hearing each other’s voice makes the couple feel better & at some level decrease the sense of distance.

In the conclusion part, it’s a common misconception that in a distant relationship, one person has to sacrifice the need & desire for the other. But in reality, this is how a relationship often breaks up. Never lose sight of the big picture & never give up. According to statistics, 70% of the distance relationship broke up due to unexpected changes in partners. So couples before going to distance relationship should ask few questions to themself

1)Are you in a good place psychologically?

2)Are you sure the partner is the right one for you?

3)Are you optimistic about the distance?

4)How good do you know about your partner?

5)What will you do when you reach that endpoint?

If above all your answer is positive you can go ahead.

10 Mistakes Couples Do In A Relationship

10 Mistakes Couples Do In A Relationship

The nature of relationships in the 21st century has beckoned us to a new cultural and social horizon.Relationships are one of the most important aspects of our lives, yet we can often forget just how crucial our relationship with other people are for our physical and mental health and wellbeing. One Of The Most Critical Choices A Person Can Make Is With Whom To Be In Relationship; The Second Most Critical Is With Whom Not To Be In Relationship.

Let’s discuss the 10 mistakes couples do while in a relationship.

1.Going For Commitment Too Quickly

Going For Commitment Too Quickly

There are many couples, especially with less experience in long term relationships, rush into commitments quickly as they think that this may be their only chance for love. Ignoring the intensity or how deep is their relationship. prematurely can be a sure recipe for driving away from the other partner. A relationship is a process, and it needs to unfold over time.It is always preferable that before knowing each other & match the compatible level then go for commitment, as commitment is something more serious & more responsible.

2.Disclose Personal Information At The Onset Of The New Relationship

Disclose Personal Information At The Onset Of The New Relationship

We always heard from our childhood that honesty is the best policy, but it does not apply to all situations. Many couples unloaded every bit of personal information at the onset of the new relationship.New couples even disclose the information even on the subject like family secrets, family assets, finances & previous relationships which are not advisable at all. If we do that too early in the development of a relationship we run the risk that if it doesn’t work out, we’ve given out a lot of very personal data that can come back to hurt us.

3.Consciously Hiding Things

Consciously Hiding Things

while revealing too much is the mistake of a relationship, so can consciously keeping secrets or withholding information. Hiding things that would be emotionally damaging for the other person to find out. It is not always that dishonesty is the reason for the action. During relationships couples hide simple pieces of information from their partner which harms their relationship & creates a trust issue. A lot of dishonesty in a relationship can be highly problematic.

4.Avoiding Confrontation

Avoiding Confrontation

It is always advisable in a relationship that couples should share their feelings, thoughts liking & disliking to their partners. It’ll often seem easier to let things go in a relationship rather than harp on them, but suppressing feelings too often can become problematic down the line, postponing arguments until those feelings have reached their boiling point. If something about the relationship troubles you, it is advisable to take it up with your partner rather than complaining to other persons. Don’t allow any other 3rd person to interfere in your relationship.

5.Fighting on a petty arguments

Fighting on a petty arguments

In a relationship, some partners prefer to tackle every potential disagreement head-on as soon as it comes. However, while trying to immediately talk through every minor argument can become exhausting for both partners. This escalated conflicts that would resolve themselves over time. It doesn’t necessarily mean avoiding that topic forever, it just means avoiding that conflict right now and waiting for when it can be dealt with more rationally. Eventually, it has been seen that couples due to lack of concentration fight on simple things that are not a matter of disagreement.

6.Being Suspicious

Being Suspicious

Many times it has been seen in a relationship that couples, whether resulting from a partner’s past dishonesty or their insecurities, being constantly suspicious is a definite red flag and usually indicates trust issues somewhere in the relationship. This mistrust creates a trace of bitterness in a relationship. This mistrust can stem from many sources. Mistrust makes couples do some paranoid behaviors like snooping through a partner’s texts to follow them to see where their partner goes & whom to meet with. With some extreme might hire a detective for the same.

7.Being Overly Affectionate

Being Overly Affectionate

Many times, especially in a new relation & even an old relationship, may lead to a practice called love bombing where one showers their partner with verbal affirmations, physical affection & favors to the point of excess. Many times over possessiveness act as a boomerang. Acting out behaviors associated with a more established relationship before reaching a strong, emotional foundation may ring hollow.

8.Not Giving Enough Time To Relationship

Not Giving Enough Time To Relationship

In a relationship, especially in an old relationship, partners often complain to each other that their partner and the relationship are not investing enough time, energy, and emotional affection. While a relationship can be an outlet to talk about oneself, be wary if either you or your partner fails to reciprocate by listening and showing concern for the other person’s experiences and emotions. Partners must give enough time for their relationship & which should not fade with time.Every partner expects that their other half will give time to the relationship,spend quality time & share their emotion & feelings.Sometimes a partner may think of being neglected & often causes mental trauma.

9.Focusing Much on the Physical Desire

Focusing Much on the Physical Desire

Often not investing enough in a partner’s emotions is the mistake of focusing too much on a relationship’s physical aspects. If everything we have and value about the relationship is physical or sexual, it can be very fulfilling in the short run, but it’s not enough to build a long-term relationship. At some point, the physical attraction and sexual excitement are going to fade, and when that becomes the primary focus, we’re not investing in things that will give that relationship a fair chance of sustaining itself.

10.Sacrificing Other Relationships and Interests

Sacrificing Other Relationships and Interests

Often seen that couples started neglecting their hobbies & personal connections in favor of their partners.According to Floyd, one of the physiological symptoms of infatuation is a reduction of the brain’s serotonin levels, resulting in an ADHD-like state wherein one’s attention keeps reverting to the object of affection. Not only is this poor prioritizing and alienating to other friends, but it can also set the relationship up for resentment and disappointment as one single person will rarely if ever be enough to meet all our relational needs.

Five things you can do

1.   Give time: put more time aside to connect with friends and family.

2.   Be present: it can be tempting to check your phone, Facebook messages, or even work emails when with family and friends. Try to be present at the moment and be there for your loved ones, and switch out of work mode whenever possible.

3.   Listen: actively listen to what others are saying in a non-judgemental way and concentrate on their needs at that moment.

4.   Be listened to: share how you are feeling, honestly, and allow yourself to be listened to and supported.

5.   Recognise unhealthy relationships: being around positive people can make us happier; however, our wellbeing can be negatively affected by harmful relationships, leaving us unhappy. Recognizing this can help us move forward and find solutions to issues.

Top 8 Biriyani Restaurant in Kolkata

Kolkata Awadhi biryani

“Biriyani” when we bengali heard this word I am sure none can resist controlling their hunger & emotion. Biriyani is the heart of Bengal. Biriyani & Bengali are two inseparable words. Kolkata biriyani stands as a triumph in the face of food fascists. We had it at almost every celebration & occasion from Annaprasan to marriage reception, birthday treat & promotion treat.Biriyani has become an irresistible part of Bengali’s life. Even when we go to a Restaurant despite 100 menus, biriyani items catch our eyes. Biriyani in Kolkata means soft tender meat & its heavenly smell with fragrant rice gaps and lush potatoes. The Kolkata biryani is more similar to a Persian pulao than any of its brothers and sisters around India. It’s very lightly spiced on the yakhni and you’ll often see potatoes crop up in pulaos in Iran and across the region. Let’s face it, once you’ve had Kolkata’s biryani, with the slow-cooked yakhni oozing, there’s no other biryani to eat. Kolkata biryani comprises rice, chicken/mutton, potato and egg.

But what exactly is Kolkata biryani and how did it originate?

Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, the tenth and last ruler of Oudh who was on the throne from 1847 to 1856, is said to have brought the biryani to Calcutta in 1856, when he settled in Metiabruz, on the outskirts of Calcutta an impeached, broken ruler. The Nawab, who is known to have been a patron of music, dances and literature and who has often been critiqued for his extravagant lifestyle carried with him, all the way from Lucknow to Calcutta, via Kanpur, a taste of home: the Lucknowi/ Awadhi biryani, cooked in the dumpukht style and served in a sealed handi which also led to this variety of biryani being called the dumpukht biryani or the handi biryani. Dumpukht refers to a style of slow oven cooking. This is a cooking technique associated with the Awadh region, in which the meat, rice and vegetables are cooked on a very low flame, in sealed containers known as handis. The Kolkata biryani departs from its royal Awadhi origins in one distinct way — the presence of the humble potato in this regal biryani, which makes it unique.

Here in Kolkata, Biriyani is not just food for us; metaphorically speaking, it is an absolute emotion. Hence, fasten your seatbelts and get ready for a journey through a hot plate of Best Biryani in Kolkata served with love, lush potatoes, and boiled eggs from the 8 Restaurants which serve The Best Biryani In Kolkata.

Here’s the list of 8 Restaurants which serve The Best Biryani In Kolkata:

1. Oudh 1590

Oudh 1590 Biriyani

Oudh 1590 is India’s first period dining restaurant where customers can experience the traditional Nawabi culture of Awadh or Oudh through authentic Awadhi food, costume, music and ambience recreated tastefully.Oudh 1590 takes you back in time to the era of Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, the gourmet king of Awadh, and his royal Khansamas who created a legacy with their culinary masterpieces.Oudh 1590 famous 2 biriyani dishes are Awadhi Handi biriyani & Raan biriyani. Its price range for two people is Rs.1200.Oudh 1590 has 7 branches.Located in Deshapriya Park,(Opposite Carmel School),Southern Avenue,Naktala,Salt Lake,Jessore Road,Tollygunge Club (Exclusively for Club Members).

2.Arsalan Restaurant & Caterer

Arsalan Restaurant & Caterer

With its outlet throughout Kolkata, Arsalan’s biriyani can undoubtedly beat any other restaurants. From exotic taste along with an eye warming look to different varieties, it has it all and is also pocket friendly. The huge quantity and that perfect aroma make it really popular. With almost all food sites rating it above 4; Arsalan restaurant shall be the topmost in any foodies choice. It has 8 branches across the city, Parkcircus, Circus Avenue, Ripon Street, Diamond Harbour, Hatibagan, Chinar park, Ruby EM bypass & Jessore Road. Its approximate price is 750 for two guests.

3.Behrouz Biryani

Behrouz Biryani
Behrouz Biyani in Ballygunge was named after the lost kingdom Behrouz that hid with itself the recipe of layered rice mixed with spices now known as Biryani. Delivering all across India, this restaurant is worth a try among the 7 Restaurants which serve The Best Biryani In Kolkata. It has acquired a rating of 4.3 and the approximate price is Rs.700 for two guests. Now they started online delivery across all the major cities in India.

4. India Restaurant, Khidirpur

India Restaurant, Khidirpur

India restaurant serves the best meat in Kolkata Biryani which reminds of the burst of flavours Lucknow biriyani. It is a spicier version of Kolkata biryani, made in Dariyabadi style with raisins added. The potato is wholesome. They do not serve egg, at least in the takeaway orders. Its approximate price is Rs.700 for two.

5.Aminia

Aminia

The first outlet was brought into existence in 1929 in Zakaria Street serving the famous Awadhi cuisine of Lucknow. Today, Aminia, is being run by its third and fourth generation. Aminia, being a legacy of 90 years, has been profoundly emphasizing its taste and aromatic chemistry of the spices that blend in perfectly. Besides this, Aminia has its butchery to make sure that only fresh and hand-picked meat is being consumed. It has 9 branches across city, Newmarket, Rajharhat, Jessore Road, shyambazar, golpark, behala, sreerampur, sodepure & barrackpore. Its approximate price is 750 for two guests.

6.Royal Indian Restaurant

Royal Indian Restaurant

One of the finest restaurants of all time in Kolkata. Located in park circus, got a sober ambience and the food taste is good. A vintage restaurant for Awadhi biryani. The speciality of this restaurant is they serve Biriani without potato, instead of that, they serve mutton chunks with the rice. Nowadays they serve biriyani with potato (Kolkata style). It’s also famous for its galouti kebabs. Its approximate price is Rs.700 for two.

7.Kareem’s

Kareem’s

Kolkata having its fascination for typical Kolkata biryani only, Kareem’s the national chain has made quite a late entry into the market. However, their location is at the heart of the IT hub, making it a lucrative place for dining for one and many. Everything about it is an excellent recipe for success. Now, they may not have the typical Kolkata biryani Kareem’s has recently opened up in the busy Sector 5 srijan corporate park of Salt Lake to the joy of all office-goers in the area. Its approximate price is Rs.700 for two.

8. Dada Boudi Restaurant

Kolkata's top 8 biriyani Restuarent
Dada Boudi Restaurant

Dada Boudi Restaurant is one of the oldest in the list of 7 Restaurants which serve The Best Biryani In Kolkata. With a group of friendly staff and a varied menu, it will just fit you right. It is located in S.N. Banerjee Road, Barrackpore. This restaurant offers Biryani, North Indian, Chinese, and Mughlai. Here is where you will find the Best Biryani in Kolkata.It costs approximately Rs.600 for two guests.

That’s all I have got for you as of now! Comment down and let me know which one is your favourite?

Enjoy Old Age With Some Good Care

Old aged persons doing yoga

Getting older is a fact of life. As much as we’d love to stay young forever, we have to grow up eventually.

While this obviously comes with its share of benefits, there are sometimes downsides to ageing too. A lot of people struggle to take good care of themselves when they’re older because their bodies don’t work the way they used to. No matter what condition you’re in, though, there are always things you can do to keep your health trending upward.

If you want to make the most of your senior years, check out these tips. Following a few of them ought to make a big difference to your quality of life.

Keep Active

Old aged persons doing yoga regular basis

There’s a reason that a lot of athletes retire while they’re still in the prime of their lives. Our bodies aren’t made to perform strenuous activity forever. However, while running marathons or diving from 10-metre platforms might eventually be out of the question, that doesn’t mean you have to stop exercising. There are so many things you can still do to stay active, including walking, water aerobics, gardening, and yoga. Some of these workouts might be harder than others, but just take everything at your own pace and remember to have fun. The most important thing is that you regularly do something to keep your body moving because physical activity is essential for healthy ageing. Get enough exercise every week and you’re sure to feel stronger, happier, and healthier.

Routine Doctor Checkup

what does a geriatric doctor do
Old aged person routine doctor checkup

As a person gets older, concerns for their health typically increase. Their bodies aren’t as strong as they used to be, and they’re more susceptible to illness. With that in mind, it’s a good idea to visit a doctor fairly regularly during your senior years. Getting routine tests done for things like cholesterol and blood pressure will let them know how your body’s coping, and whether there’s any action they need to take. It’s better than staying at home and letting things get worse without even realizing there’s anything wrong in the first place. What’s more, over 65s are eligible for free seasonal jabs, so it’s definitely worth visiting a doctor for that every year, too.

Look After Hearing

The Best Hearing Aids for Seniors of 2020
Old aged person with hearing aid

Hearing loss isn’t uncommon amongst older people, which is why it’s important to get tested regularly. Doing so can highlight any potential issues and help you find solutions to them, such as getting a hearing aid. These can make all the difference to your quality of life, and you’ll easily find one to fit your needs at sites such as Audilo. They specialise in products for the older generation, all of which are designed to aid those with hearing impairments. That includes things like headphones, alarm clocks, and doorbells, as well as senior phones. These are specially designed landlines and more basic mobile phones which make keeping in touch with loved ones so much easier. If products like these can help improve your day-to-day life, it’s worth it.

Routine Eye check up

Cataracts types: Causes, symptoms and treatment | All About Vision
Old aged person routine eye checkup

Just as it’s important to care for your hearing when you’re older, it’s also essential that you look after your eyesight too. Much like hearing, this can worsen with age, sometimes without you realising it. It’s advised that you get an eye test every two years, although, for those over 70, it’s worth increasing this to once a year. That way, you can monitor what’s happening with your eyes and, in some cases, correct the problems you might be experiencing. Given that over 60s receive eye tests for free, there’s no reason why you shouldn’t get a regular checkup.

Have A Sleep Routine

Aging and sleep: Making changes for brain health - Harvard Health Blog -  Harvard Health Publishing
Old aged person routine sleep

There’s no time in a person’s life when sleep isn’t a good thing. It’s what lets our bodies recharge after a long day and keeps us going from one day to the next. However, sleeping isn’t always the easiest thing to do, especially for those in their senior years. Some older people experience insomnia, which can be very distressing and can also offset their health. Having a regular sleep routine could combat this, as could drinking something like chamomile tea before bed. Cutting out naps is also a good idea, no matter how nice they might be. If these suggestions don’t help, you’d best speak to your doctor and try to find a solution that way.

A Balanced Food Habit

50+ Food for Elderly! ideas | food, healthy, healthy recipes
Old aged person balanced food habit

You may hit your senior years and think to yourself, “I deserve to let loose”. Well, you’re right. Life is for living, and you may as well enjoy it. However, it’s important not to go too overboard with this mindset, especially when it comes to your food habit. While you’re absolutely allowed to indulge in your favourite things, you should still try to eat well and drink plenty of water. Fruit, vegetables, and foods low in saturated fat are usually good to include, as well as whole grains and lean meat. You might think a good diet doesn’t matter so much if you’re not bothered about your figure, but you still have your health to think about. Eating well will give you more energy and potentially ward off illnesses, which definitely isn’t a bad thing as you grow older.

Have To Be Socially Active

15 Great Ways for Seniors to Stay Socially Active

When it comes to taking good care of yourself, it’s not just your physical health that you have to look out for. Your mental well being matters too, and depending on your situation . Depression affects older people, along with many other mental issues, so it’s important to try and combat this wherever possible. If you live alone, we suggest reaching out to those around you as much as possible. That might mean weekly calls with loved ones or visiting friends if you’re able-bodied enough to do so. Your happiness matters, no matter your age, and there’s no reason why this should suffer once you’re older. Don’t ever feel like you’re a burden for wanting company.

Does Conventional Marketing Still Relevant In The 21st Century?

Hey Reader! Are you one of those people who think Conventional Marketing became old,which will not work in the 21st century?

Today, I want to take you one step forward & deeper into the world of 21st Century Marketing.

So before taking you further I want to tell you that Marketing itself is a vast subject. we have to drive deep into the knowledge well, understand the concepts, put efforts to do practically and then we learn its effectiveness.

Today we are standing in a situation where many of us are in a confused stage.This Article will help those who are in the field of marketing & marketing entrepreneurs.

So if I asked you what are the changes you are observing in 21st century marketing?You might tell marketing has shifted its version into digital form.But the question is digital marketing totally different from conventional marketing?

The answer is BIG NO.Marketing communication medium is somewhat shifted from Conventional platforms which are Print Ads,Hoarding,Radio,TV to Digital Platforms Social media,internet & App.

The 21st century offers many choices for marketing communications. Companies still have access to traditional tools, such as newspapers, radio, and television, but also have a wide range of online tools, including social media. More choices are a good thing; they present opportunities to connect with more people in different ways than ever before.

What I say is 21st Century Marketing is 80% conventional & 20% digital.The basics of marketing are still the same in 21st Century Marketing.

The medium of Marketing communication can be anything.

First, it was a print medium which we popularly known as newspaper Ads.

Then it was the radio which stood strong for a few decades & still there.

Then it was TV.

Then it was the internet.

Then it was the apps.

Tomorrow something else might be the medium.

So I believe that as marketers, we should not be concerned about the medium in which the message is served.

There are few basic thing that you should know as a marketer of 21st century:

  • The fundamentals of marketing.
  • Digital marketing vs. Traditional marketing.
  • CATT Marketing Funnel.
  • Integrated Digital Marketing.
  • Personal Branding:Mass trust blueprint.

So let’s discussed about The fundamentals of marketing. Marketing is the art and science of choosing target markets and attracting, retaining, and growing customers through creating, delivering, and communicating superior customer value.

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Marketing Fundamentals

The process of planning and executing the conception, pricing, promotion, and distribution of ideas, goods, and services to create exchanges that satisfy individual and organizational goals.”

A good can be termed as a physical entity that we can touch and feel. For example,watches and spectacles are goods. A service is an intangible product that is created by using both human and mechanical resources. For example, hotels provide hospitality.

An idea includes issues, philosophies, and concepts. For example, an architect sells the blueprint of a house to a client.

So Under fundamental marketing we all have heard about 7Ps. So lets see what 7ps of 21st century marketing.

What does a 21st Century successful marketing mix look like?

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7ps of Marketing mix

This is a top-level overview; you would take this into greater detail and ask the following questions:

1. Products/Services: Integrated tool set for SEO, blogging, social media, website, email and lead intelligence tools.

2. Prices/Fees: Subscription-based monthly, Software-As-Service model based on number of contacts in database and number of users of the service.

3. Place/Access: Online! Network of Partners, Country User Groups.

4. Promotion: Directors speak at events, webinars, useful guides that are amplified by SEO and effective with SEO. PPC Social media advertising, e.g. LinkedIn.

5. Physical Evidence: Consistent branding across communications.

6. Processes: More sales staff are now involved in conversion.

7: People: Investment in online services.

Now we should discuss the more awaited topic Digital marketing vs traditional marketing: what’s the difference between the two and which one should you use? Selecting the right marketing type is an age old question on every marketer’s mind. Here’s everything you need to know.

Digital marketing vs. traditional marketing: what’s the difference?

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Traditional marketing vs Digital marketing

The main difference between digital and traditional marketing is the medium through which an audience encounters a marketing message. While traditional marketing uses traditional media like magazines and newspapers, digital marketing uses digital media, such as social media or websites

Digital marketing is just as important as traditional if not even more so.

The key to a great marketing campaign is to find the right balance between traditional and digital.

According to ClickZ, “Internet users now make up 57% of the global population. On average, people spend 6 hours and 42 minutes online each day. By 2021, a projected 73% of all eCommerce sales will come from mobile.”

CATT Marketing Funnel: CATT is a sales funnel that will help you to build the mass trust of your customers with the help of Digital Marketing.

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CATT marketing funnel
  • C stands for Content
  • A Stands for Attention
  • T stands for Trust
  • T stands for Transaction
  • It is also derived as a formula which is:-
  • W= n ^CATT (Whereas W is Wealth).

Niche[n]-

Your success and failure depend on the niche.

We all know that content is a general term used to describe any kind of textual, graphic, video, or interactive element on a website.

Why is content so important?

1)Content informs your audience.

2)Content ranks in Google.

3)Content earns links from other sites.

4)Content earns conversions.

5)Content is the foundation of every digital marketing strategy.

Now you know the importance of content, then it is important to bring the attention of your target customer to your content. Attention can be created by using SEO, Social media, Paid Ads.

Trust is important for building long term relationships with the customer.If trust can be created, then people will believe and buy your products. You must build a relationship of trust with your niche.

Finally if you do all the above things in the right manner,you will definitely create a successful transaction .

What is integrated Digital Marketing?

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Integrated Marketing

Integrated Digital Marketing encompasses the idea of creating a unique form of expression that’s easy to identify in all of the channels your customer uses.

For instance, As a digital marketer you might focus on Content marketing.but alone content marketing is not enough. Your content has to be optimised for SEO. You have to run ads and make this content available to your niche. Making a product is not enough. You have to find the correct customers for the product and target them through emails or paid Ads or SEO or SEM. Hence, it is important we use the different tools and techniques in an integrated manner for an effective result.

As digital marketing is a vast thing.It is not possible to know all segments.

Each segment such as Content Marketing, SEO, Email Marketing and Social Media Marketing is powerful on its own, but when they are combined in an integrated way, it’s power goes up exponentially. It creates effectiveness.

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Mass-trust Blueprint

Why is Personal Branding often called a Mass Trust Blueprint?

Creating a personal brand can be a daunting, mythical task. And one of the easiest ways to get lost in the process is to not know where to start. Even Oprah Winfrey began by going through several style iterations on a small local show before defining her voice into one of the most influential personal brands in the world.

A personal brand became an influencer & brand ambassador for the company.

Let’s give an e.g of Shahrukh khan. In many of his interviews he called himself a personal brand.It takes many years to make a personal brand.As the personal brand is a human itself,it can be sold nor be invested in.

For building a mass trust you have to LEARN, WORK, BLOG, CONSULT, MENTOR & STARTUP.

You have to follow the steps in the framework to create your personal brand.

I really hope that you have cleared all your doubts & enjoyed a lot while reading the article.

This article gives you insights about what type of marketing you should do in the 21st century,the fundamentals of marketing,CATT Marketing Funnel,Integrated Digital Marketing,Personal Branding.

Please let me know what you guys like the most in the article in the comment section.

Thank you for giving me your kind attention.

So in the next article I would discuss in more detail about marketing of the 21st century,So till then follow my blog & happy reading.

Check out my previous writing https://medium.com/@ayan0443/an-upgrade-version-c49be8a5da02

Check out More articlehttps://drishanvig.com/digital-deepak-internship-program/

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